Birds is widely regarded as one of Aristophanes' greatest works, thanks to its imaginative plot (from which the word Cloudcuckooland is derived) and charming and original lyrics. The material designed to help the less advanced student of Greek or the non-specialist translate, understand, and enjoy t... he play is preserved in this abridgment of Nan Dunbar's widely acclaimed edition of Birds, published in 1995. The notes on staging are retained, but the metrical, textual, and ornithological issues are addressed more succinctly, and purely illustrative parallels are omitted.
Men of sense often learn from their enemies. It is from their foes, not their friends, that cities learn the lesson of building high walls and ships of war; and this lesson saves their children, their homes, and their properties.