See also: Galbraith Robert
Although she writes under the pen name J.K. Rowling, pronounced as rolling, her name was simply Joanne Rowling when her first book on Harry Potter was published. As her publishers anticipated that the target audience of young boys might not want to read a book written by a woman, they asked her to use two initials rather than her full name. Since she had no middle name, she chose K from her paternal grandmother Kath... leen Ada Bulgen Rowling as the second initial of her pen name. She called Jo herself and said, "No one ever called me 'Joanne' when I was young, unless they were angry." She sometimes used the name Joanne Murray after her marriage when she was doing personal business. She gave evidence during the Leveson Inquiry under the name of Joanne Kathleen Rowling. Rowling noted in an interview in 2012 that she was no longer concerned that people were wrong to pronounce her name.
Rowling was born on July 31, 1965 in Yate, Gloucestershire, England, 10 miles (16 km) north-east of Bristol, to Peter James Rowling, a Rolls-Royce aircraft engineer, and Anne Rowling (born Volant). Her half-French and half-Scottish mother Anne. Her parents met for the first time on a train leaving King's Cross Station bound for Arbroath in 1964. They married on March 14, 1965. Dugald Campbell, the maternal grandfather of her mother, was born in Lamlash on Arran Island. Her mother's paternal grandfather, Louis Volant, was awarded the Croix de Guerre in the First World War for exceptional courage in defending the village of Courcelles-le-Comte
When Rowling was 23 months old, Rowling's sister Dianne was born at home. When Rowling was four, the family moved to the nearby village of Winterbourne. She attended St Michael's primary school, a school founded by William Wilberforce, an abolitionist, and Hannah More, an educational reformer. Her headmaster at St Michael's, Alfred Dunn, was suggested to inspire Albus Dumbledore, headmaster of Harry Potter.
As a child, Rowling often wrote stories of fantasy that she would normally read to her sister. She recalls: "I can still remember telling her a story in which she fell down a rabbit hole and was fed in by the rabbit family. Certainly the first story I ever wrote (when I was five or six years old) was about a rabbit called Rabbit. He got the measles and his friends visited him, including a giant bee named Miss Bee." Rowling moved to Church Cottage in Tutshill's Gloucestershire village, near Chepstow, Wales, at the age of nine. She gave her a very old copy of Jessica Mitford's autobiography, Hons and Rebels, when she was a young teenager, her great aunt, who Rowling said "taught classics and approved of a thirst for knowledge, even of a questionable kind." Mitford became the heroine of Rowling, and afterwards Rowling read all her books
Rowling said in an interview with The New Yorker about her teenage years, "I wasn't particularly happy. I think it's a terrible time of life." She had a difficult homelife; her mother was ill and had a difficult relationship with her father (she's no longer talking to him), she attended high school at Wyedean School and College, where her mother worked as a science technician. Rowling said of her adolescence, "Hermione [a bookish, all-know-how Harry Potter character] is loosely based on me. She's a caricature of me when I was eleven, which I'm not particularly proud of." Steve Eddy, who taught Rowling English when she first arrived, remembers her as "not exceptional" but "one of a group of girls who were bright and very good at English."READ MORE